|Corporal Punishment in Arkansas Public Schools,
|(Referencing the Arkansas Department of Education
SIS database, 2002-2003)
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in Arkansas used corporal punishment 48,068 times in 2002-2003.
of corporal punishment in schools is intrinsically related to child maltreatment.
It contributes to a climate of violence, it implies that society approves
of the physical violation of children, it establishes an unhealthy norm..."
U.S. Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect
districts reported no pupils hit by their teachers
some of them in districts that permit paddling, reported zero paddling.
American children were hit 34.49% of the times the paddle was used, or
150% of their proportion of state enrollment.
reported using the paddle 48,068 times in 2002-2003.
the child was African American (34.49% of total).
the 449,171 students enrolled in 2002-2003 were African American (23.04%)
of the 48,068 paddlings administered that involved an African American
was one and one-half times the proportion of student enrollment that is
African American (34.49% divided by 23.04% reveals problematic disproportion).
analyses accepted by the U.S. Department of Education Office for Civil
Rights have shown that being paddled in Arkansas schools is dependent on
race. African Americans are more likely to be hit in the name of discipline.
in paddling are statistically significant in nearly one out of five Arkansas
of times children were intentionally hurt in the name of discipline, the
students were identified as "Special Education" and entitled by law to
receive unique learning assistance.
the 449,171 students enrolled in 2002-2003 were classified "Special Education"...
nearlly 13% of total enrollment.
the 48,068 (21.6%) paddlings involved a Special Education student. Neither
special nor unique, corporal punishment was inflicted upon this group at
a rate nearly 180% of their proportion of enrollment.
Education students who were African American were 31% of the total instances
of corporal punishment of Special Education students.
are too high to rule out the possibility that the maltreatment of these
students is dependent upon their learning disabilities and/or race.