|Corporal Punishment in Arkansas Public Schools,
|(Referencing the Arkansas Department of Education
SIS database, 2003-2004)
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in Arkansas used corporal punishment 47,022 times in 2003-2004.
of corporal punishment in schools is intrinsically related to child maltreatment.
It contributes to a climate of violence, it implies that society approves
of the physical violation of children, it establishes an unhealthy norm..."
U.S. Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect
districts reported no pupils hit by their teachers
some of them in districts that permit paddling, reported zero paddling.
American children were hit 34.20% of the times the paddle was used, or
slightly less than 150% of their proportion of state enrollment.
reported using the paddle 47,022 times in 2003-2004.
the child was African American (34.20% of total).
the 452,036 students enrolled in 2003-2004 were African American (22.89%)
of the 47,022 paddlings administered that involved an African American
was almost one and one-half times the proportion of student enrollment that is
African American (34.20% divided by 22.89% reveals problematic disproportion).
analyses accepted by the U.S. Department of Education Office for Civil
Rights have shown that being paddled in Arkansas schools is dependent on
race. African Americans are more likely to be hit in the name of discipline.
in paddling are statistically significant in nearly one out of five Arkansas
of times children were intentionally hurt in the name of discipline, the
students were identified as "Special Education" and entitled by law to
receive unique learning assistance.
the 452,036 students enrolled in 2003-2004 were classified "Special Education"...
nearly 13% of total enrollment.
the 47,022 (21.5%) paddlings involved a Special Education student. Neither
special nor unique, corporal punishment was inflicted upon this group at
a rate 167% of their proportion of enrollment.
Education students who were African American were 31% of the total instances
of corporal punishment of Special Education students.
are too high to rule out the possibility that the maltreatment of these
students is dependent upon their learning disabilities and/or race.