Corporal Punishment in Arkansas Public Schools, 2005-2006
(Referencing the Arkansas Department of Education SIS database, 2005-2006)
 
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Educators in Arkansas used corporal punishment 36,439 times in 2005-2006.
  • ...the use of corporal punishment in schools is intrinsically related to child maltreatment. It contributes to a climate of violence, it implies that society approves of the physical violation of children, it establishes an unhealthy norm..." U.S. Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect.  9/15/91 
  • The use of corporal punishment in Arkansas schools in 2005-2006 was 4,078 paddlings lower than in 2004-2005; 10,583 lower than 2003-2004.
  • 31 school districts out of 262 reported no  pupils hit with a board by the teachers at their schools.
  • For five consecutive years, 11 school districts have reported no corporal punishment; for four consecutive years, 15 have reported no cp; for three consecutive years, 20 have reported no cp and, for two consecutive years, 24 districts have reported no paddling. (click here)
  • 441 schools out of 1112 (some of them in districts that permit paddling) reported no paddling.
African American children, however, were hit 31.19% of the times the paddle was used, or more than 1 and 1/3 times their proportion of state enrollment.
  • 36,439 times in 2005-2006, an Arkansas public school teacher hit a pupil with a board.
  • 11,365 times, the child was African American (31.19% of total hit).
  • 105,568 of the 463,922 students enrolled in 2005-2006 were African American (22.75% of total)
  • The proportion of the 36,439 paddlings administered that involved an African American was over one and one-third times the proportion of student enrollment that was African American (31.19% divided by 22.75% reveals the problematic disproportion).
  • The U.S. Department of Education Office for Civil Rights recognized our 2002 complaint, supported by standard statistical analyses of disproportion in populations, as demonstrating that being paddled in Arkansas schools was dependent upon race. Regrettable, African Americans remain more likely to be hit in the name of discipline than are Whites.
  • Racial disparities in paddling have been statistically significant in nearly 20% of Arkansas school districts.
In 21.74% of times children were intentionally hurt in the name of discipline, the students were identified as "Special Education" and entitled by law to receive unique learning assistance... unique learning experience.
  • 56,913 of the 463,922 students enrolled were classified "Special Education"... 12.27% of enrollment. 
  • 7,942 of the 36,439 (21.79%) paddlings involved a Special Education student. Neither special nor unique, corporal punishment was inflicted upon this group at a rate higher than 1 and 3/4 times their proportion of enrollment.
  • 2,321 of the 7,942 paddlings endured by Special Education students occurred to African Americans... 29.2%; a rate more than 1 and 1/4 times their proportion of total enrollment. 
  • These proportions are too high to rule out the possibility that the maltreatment of these children is dependent upon their learning disabilities AND their race.


Paddling as a Risk Factor of Enrollment in Arkansas Public Schools, 2005-2006


 
Asian/ 
African   Hispanic  Native 
 White 
Total
Pacific Isl.   American  American   
 
a Enrollment (by ethnicity), October 1, 2005 6,449 105,568 31,225 3,050  317,630  463,922
 
Enrollment (by ethnicity), as a percentage 
of total enrollment ( a / 463,922 )
1.39% 22.75% 6.73% 0.66% 68.47%
 
Paddlings; "Regular" class 86 9,044 699 114 18,554 28,497
 
Paddlings; "Special Ed." 9 2,321 108 24 5,480 7,942
 
Instances of Corporal punishment (by Ethnicity), 2005-2006 95 11,365 807 138 24,034 36,439
 
 
 
School Districts Reporting No Paddling, 1997/98 to 2005/06
 
Searcy High School Infractions vs. Paddling, 2001/02 to 2005/06
 


  Acknowledgements:
  •   James Boardman, Assistant Director  for  Information and Technology, Arkansas Department of Education, coordinated the State Information System (SIS) queries that generated the raw data reports analized by NeverHitAChild.ORG.  His "section" is responsible for providing accurate, timely information and appropriate, viable technology in support of the functions of the ADE.   One of his primary responsibilities is to analyze data and produce informational reports for policy makers, educators, business and industry leaders, and the general public ( email: jboardman@arkedu.k12.ar.us or phone:  501- 682-4239.  The Arkansas Public School Computer Network Statewide Information System web site is at: www.k12.ar.us/apscndocs/sis.htm). 
  •   Robert Fathman, Ph.D., President, National Coalition to Abolish Corporal Punishment in Schools, provided encouragment and editorial assistance.
  •   Jordan Riak, Executive Director, Parents and Teachers Against Violence in Education, helped relate the significance of the statistics to the multidimensional risks for children and the liability risks for school districts ( click here ).
  •   The National Coalition to Abolish Corporal Punishment in Schools provides school corporal punishment statistical data at their web site.  " ( click here ).
The data we have secured from the Arkansas Department of Education is contained in Microsoft Excel spreadsheets converted from data base queries of tables built from individually submitted public school reports.  If you are interested in specific types of data, statistical analyses, etc., just write us and we will attach the file(s) to an email reply to you.  Please also write to us if there is any other assistance we might provide.  Address your messages to:, describe your interest and be sure to make "NHAC.ORG" the subject.

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